History and make up of the convoy

At the end of July 1944, the situation was particularly unstable in Paris. The allies who had landed on June 6th were advancing towards the capital. On July 20th, an attack against Hitler and an attempted coup d’État had failed; Gestapo officals arrested by the soldiers of the Wehrmacht were released.

Alois Brunner, camp commandant of Drancy, took advantage of the confusion and continued following his murderous madness to the end. He sent his commandos in UGIF homes in the region of Paris where they rounded up 300 children, including 18 infants.

On July 31th 1944, the convoy 77, the last large convoy of deportees left from Drancy to Auschwitz, carrying to the extermination camp 986 men and women, and 324 children.

Of the 1,310 prisoners, 836 were immediately sent to the gas chambers upon arrival in Auschwitz.

Only 250 deportees survived forced labor, abuse, pseudomedical experiments and deprivation. Some were liberated by the Red army on January 27th, 1945, but many were freed, at the end of the war, in other camps, after transfer, by train or being marched in the so-called “death march”.

> More information on convoy 77

Convoy 77: figures

Origin of the deportees of convoy 77 (percentage)

The convoy 77, last large convoy of deportees to leave from Drancy to Auschwitz, had specific characteristics :

  • The majority of the deportees were born in France (53%).
  • Many different nationalities were represented.
  • The number of children deported was particularly high (more than 300).

Age profile of the deportees of convoy 77

  • More than 75% of the deportees were under the age of 50, many women among them.
  • 125 deported children were under the age of 10, they came mainly from UGIF homes in the region of Paris. Most often, their parents had been deported in previous convoys.
  • Fate of the deportees of Convoy 77

    Total number of deportees (including 324 children)
    1310
    People gassed on arriving in Auschwitz
    836
    Men selected for forced labour
    291
    Women selected for forced labour
    183
    Surviving men (in 1945)
    157
    Surviving women (in 1945)
    93

    Deportees of convoy 77
    (From Alexandre Doulut, Serge Klarsfeld and Sandrine Labeau, in “Mémorial des 3943 rescapés juifs de France”)

    Exhibition catalogue Le Temps Des Rafles
    March 1992 pages 90, 91.

    hébergement Umazuma - OVH

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