The biographies of Mireille and Sarah Rottman were researched by the 10th- and then 11th-grade students seeking a diploma in care and service provision at the Simone Dounon private vocational high school in Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 58200.
They were assigned this historical enquiry by Madame Marie-Line Gauthier, their history, geography and French teacher. The historical research was completed with a writing workshop. The students first imagined Sarah and Mireille’s lives and then discovered the facts. ..
Sarah Rottman was born on February 21, 1914 in Paris, was arrested at Romainville, and died on August 5, 1944 at Auschwitz. (Note that Sarah and Mireille’s surname can be spelled Rottmann.)
Born in Paris on the 1st of February, 1914, Sarah ROTTMANN resided at n° 1 rue [Sous-les-Ceps] in Bourges (Cher department). She was the mother of Mireille and Albert Rottmann. Sarah was deported with her daughter from Drancy to Auschwitz in convoy 77 on July 31, 1944.
Mireille Rottman was born on September 7, 1931 in Paris, was arrested in Bourges (Cher department), and died on August 5, 1944 in Auschwitz.
The faces of Sarah and Mireille were quickly found on the site of the Mémorial of the Shoah. Mother and daughter were constantly a presence in the classroom. They lived with us. We found Sarah’s brother, Albert Rottman, and talked with him on the phone. It was a very moving moment. He lived not very far from the school, an hour away in the Yonne department. We had hoped to meet him, but it proved impossible due to health reasons. However, Madame Soirat, Albert’s daughter and Sarah’s niece, came to us. She was able to tell us more about her aunt. As this family history had long been denied by her parents, certain gray areas still persist.
Before the War
The Rottman family was made up of:
Anna Mintz, married name Rottman, a seamstress, who had fled the pogroms in Riga, Latvia. She had already had two sons in England with her first husband, one of whom perished on the Titanic.
Froïm Rottman, a leather craftsman,
and their children: Henriette (born in 1918), Simone ( born in 1921), Sarah (born in 1914), and Albert (born in 1924).
The family lived at n° 23 rue Vieille du Temple, as is attested on the daughter Sarah’s birth certificate.
The photos of Sarah as a child provided by Mrs. Soirat show her as a communicant, but with no missal in her hands.
The family did not practice the Jewish religion, and Sarah called herself Suzanne, which is the name found on her Large Family I.D. card.
She either was a pupil at one of the two schools for daughters of people decorated with the Légion d’Honneur, or she is merely wearing one of her relative’s decorations for the photograph.
It is the medal of a knight of the Légion d’Honneur, but we were unable to find out who in the family had received it. We do know that her father was wounded and gassed in World War I.
We were struck by Sarah’s beauty, her bearing. She exudes her zest for life. The Drancy counterfoil receipt of her confiscated affairs gives the sad list of what she was wearing.
Receipt N° 24684: – 7000 francs – a watch and bracelet – a brooch – a medal – two rings, one of which with a set stone.
This refinement is explained by the fact that she was a seamstress like her mother.
A photograph taken on Saint Catherine’s Day shows her with her friends, in costume for the occasion (indicating that she was at least 25 years old and already a mother). It is possible the picture was taken on November 25, 1939, at the start of the war. Her hat is decorated with seamstress’s scissors.
Sarah then lived at n°137 boulevard de l’Hôpital in Paris. Sarah was an unwedded mother, which at that time was an unfortunate situation.
Nevertheless, mother and daughter are posing with the other women of the family, indicating that they had good relationships.
During the Occupation Sarah/Suzanne and her daughter lived in Bourges.
Albert, her brother, who was with the Resistance in Châteauroux and Saint-Amand-Montrond, visited her regularly. This photo was perhaps taken in Bourges.
A happy moment when mother and daughter share in the joys of the countryside. Other children are visibly playing with Mireille. She is holding a pretty doll and radiant with happiness.
Then Sarah had to go back to work in Paris, entrusting her little Mireille to the care of a nanny, to whom she paid room and board. Unhappily, when Sarah was arrested the payments stopped and the nanny probably informed on Mireille. The little girl was sent to Drancy, where she was reunited with her mother.
It was Mireille’s grandmother, surviving hidden throughout the war, who declared the deportations.
Yad Vashem’s archives in Jerusalem provided us the transportation documents to the Auschwitz camp:
Transport cattle car at Birkenau
Mireille’s ITS (International Tracing Services) Certificate (German archives from the Nazi period, Bad Arolsen)
The testimonial page for Yad Vashem was established by Xavier Messalati in Israel. No testimonial was found for Mireille.
The Wall of Names at the Mémorial of the Shoah.
Meeting with Serge Jacubert to present our early research
Meeting with Madame Soirat, Sarah Rottman’s niece.
What did the deportees take with them? What did they imagine? We have tried to put ourselves in their shoes. With our vocational teachers we also reflected on the conditions of transportation and dehumanization.
Several Memorial travel diaries at our Convoy 77 project report exhibition
Drawing by Estelle Mouligneaux Memorial Journey to Auschwitz Birkenau 2018
On the occasion of our visit to the camp we organized a memorial ceremony for Sarah and Mireille. They will live forever in our memories, and especially in our hearts.
Sarah ROTTMANN born on February 21 1914 deported from Drancy on July 31, 1944 in convoy n° 77.
50776-ROTTMAN_Sarah_ internment_certificate _Bourges
the 10th- and then 11th-grade students studying for the care and service provision diploma at the Simone Dounon private vocational high school in Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 5822, under the supervision of Madame Marie-Line Gauthier, their history, geography and French teacher